In Psalm 18, he gets it and as a result he praises the Lord for that deliverance. . The sorrows of death compassed me - Surrounded me. (1-3) David praises the God of his deliverance. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] At times, when Saul was pursuing David in the wilderness (1 Samuel 23:15), David felt doomed. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? John Trapp Complete Commentary. "Commentary on Psalms 18:4". HINT: Since there are such a large number of resources on this page (>10,000 links) you might consider beginning with the more recent commentaries that briefly discuss all 150 Psalms - Paul Apple (750 pages), Thomas Constable, David Guzik, Bob Utley.For more devotional thoughts consider Spurgeon's The Treasury … "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". Clarke's Psalms 18:4 Bible Commentary The sorrows of death compassed me - חבלי מות chebley maveth, the cables or cords of death. There is scarcely any assistance God bestows, however evident and palpable it may be to our senses, which our indifference or proud disdain does not obscure. The sorrows of death compass me] Or, the pangs, pains, throes as of a travailing woman, these environed me, or came thick and threefold upon me, perveniebant usque ad אף even to my face (as the Rabbins descant upon the word), or flew upon me; desperate and deadly dangers assailed me. Psalm 18:16, also Psalm 32:6; Psalm 42:7; Psalm 69:1. A prostitute can have beauty and charm. 16 He sent from above, he took me, he drew me out of many waters. 4 . But is more probably some disgraceful charge or infamous slander which had been circulated concerning him, and was now crushing him down. There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled … The Septuagint render the word, "the torrents of iniquity troubled me"; which was true of Christ, when all the sins of his people came flowing in upon him, like mighty torrents, from all quarters; when God laid on him the iniquity of them all, and he was made sin for them; and in a view of all this "he began to be sore amazed", Mark 14:33; compare with this Psalm 69:1. Made me apprehensive of losing my life. (oratio) Rest in God’s abiding presence. It is applied to wicked men as being “worthless” to society, and to all the proper ends of life. 1685. 4 The waves # tc Ps 18:4 reads “ropes,” while 2 Sam 22:5 reads “waves.” The reading of the psalm has been influenced by the next verse (note “ropes of Sheol”) and perhaps also by Ps 116:3 (where “ropes of death” appears, as here, with the verb אָפַף, ’afaf). 6. Psalm 18:4-5. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/psalms-18.html. Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. (r) "funes mortis", Musculus, Montanus, Vatablus, Gejerus, Michaelis; so Ainsworth, Hammond. It is David’s thanksgiving for the many deliverances God had wrought for him; these he desired always to preserve fresh in his own memory and to diffuse and entail the knowledge of them. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/psalms-18.html. 2 Corinthians 6:15, Βελίαρ equals Βελίαλ as a name of Satan and his kingdom). [⇑ See verse text ⇑] In the wilderness, when Saul and his forces pursued David (1 Samuel 23:15), David experienced great distress. Psalms 18:4. Medrash. "E.W. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". The sorrows of death compassed me — That is, dangerous and deadly troubles. by 8 your battle cry, 9 Lord, by the powerful breath from your nose. BibliographyCoke, Thomas. 15-16). 4. ... savoring each word. How much he delights in … Psalm 18:4 The cords of death encompassed me; the torrents of chaos overwhelmed me. 1832. What does Psalm 18:4 mean? The cords of death entangled me; the torrents of destruction overwhelmed me. The hatred of the sea arose from quite another cause—viz., the dread of it as a highway for invasion. The sorrows of death, &c.— The whirlpools of death in heaps rolled over me. Psalm 119:61 (where it is likewise חבלי instead of the הבלי, which one might have expected, Joshua 17:5; Job 36:8), death is therefore represented as a hunter with a cord and net, Psalm 91:3. The Fathers have explained this of the gift of tongues, by means of which the apostles spoke languages which they had not studied, Acts ii. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/psalms-18.html. Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. (Haydock) --- No nation, however barbarous, can plead ignorance. A Brief Description of Troubles (Psalm 18:4,5) Verses 4 and 5 describe David’s troubles and indeed, there were troubles. "Commentary on Psalms 18:4". TRANSLATION (4) The cords of death surrounded me. b‛ṯ, to startle, excitare, to alarm), and קדּם, to rush upon; the two words are distinguished from one another like ׬berfallen and anfallen. For Belial, see Deuteronomy 13:13. בליּעל, compounded of בּלי and יעל (from יעל, ועל, root על), signifies unprofitableness, worthlessness, and in fact both deep-rooted moral corruption and also abysmal destruction (cf. and where a dry ravine might at any moment become a dangerous flood. (meditatio) Pray with reverence and gratefulness. Revelation 18:4 is God's exhortation to the churches to shun the treacherous beauty and charm of this theological and political prostitute, Babylon. The sorrows of death compassed me. dangerous and deadly troubles. (Worthington). 17 He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from them which hated me: for they were too strong for me. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. The cords of death encompassed me, And the torrents of ungodliness terrified me. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/psalms-18.html. "Commentary on Psalms 18:4". Not bodily pains. in the sense of imperfects alternate with praett. Psalms 18:6 In my distress I called upon the LORD, and cried unto my God: he heard my voice out of his temple, and my cry came before him, [even] into his ears.. Ver. So Psalm 116:3. John Trapp Complete Commentary. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. That is, he was in imminent danger of death, or in the midst of such pangs and sorrows as are supposed commonly to attend on death. Psalm 18 - For the director of music. This reminds us of the words of Jonah, who said, "By reason of my affliction, I cried unto Jehovah" (Jonah 2:2). Aphaphuni pro gnaphaphuni. And I’d also point out before we get into the text that this psalm is the longest we’ve dealt with thus far at a whopping 50 verses! The word in the New Testament seems to be used for Satan, 2 Corinthians 6:15; where it is so rendered in the Syriac version, and he may be designed here; and by the floods of Belial may be meant, not so much the temptations of Satan in the wilderness, as his violent and impetuous attacks upon Christ in the garden, when being in an agony or conflict with him, his sweat was, as it were, great drops of blood, Luke 22:44. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". The description begins in Psalm 18:5 with the danger and the cry for help which is not in vain. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. The next clause is literally, The torrents of Belial made me afraid: i.e. The "thing of Belial" here intended may, perhaps, be the disease from which David was suffering. The cords {or} bands of death surrounded me, and the streams of ungodliness {and} the torrents of ruin terrified me. The word used here refers to such men as if they were poured forth in streams and torrents - in such multitudes that the psalmist was likely to be overwhelmed by them, as one would be by floods of water. Psalm 18:4 tn The noun בְלִיַּעַל (v e liyyaʿal) is used here as an epithet for death. The verb אפף according to a tradition not to be doubted (cf. 6 In my distress I called upon the Lord, And cried out to my God; He heard my voice from His temple, And my cry came before Him, even to His ears. The LORD is … The sorrows of death compassed me - מות חבלי chebley maveth, the cables or cords of death. 18:4 The waves 1 of death engulfed me, the currents 2 of chaos 3 overwhelmed me. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. When Death Stalks. These words and the following, in this verse and Psalm 18:5, as they respect David, show the snares that were laid for his life, the danger of death he was in, and the anxiety of mind he was possessed of on account of it; and as they refer to Christ, include all the sorrows of his life to the time of his death, who was a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief personally, and bore and carried the sorrows and griefs of all his people; and may chiefly intend his sorrows in the garden, arising from a view of the sins of his people, which he was about to bear upon the cross; and from an apprehension of the wrath of God, and curse of the law, which he was going to sustain for them, when his soul was περιλυπος, encompassed about with sorrow, even unto death, Matthew 26:38; when his sorrow was so great, and lay so heavy upon him, that it almost pressed him down to death, he could scarce live under it; and may also take in the very pains and agonies of death; he dying the death of the cross, which was a very painful and excruciating one; see Psalm 22:14; The Hebrew word for "sorrows" signifies the pains and birth throes of a woman in travail; and is here fitly used of the sufferings and death of Christ; through which he brought forth much fruit, or many sons to glory. and Acts 2:24, where see Note, New Testament Commentary), or cords. 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