In a later post I will discuss some of the differences or contrast between African Traditional Religion and Christianity. J ohn S. M biti is Professor of Theology and Comparative Religion in Makere University College, Uganda. Falash Mura African Traditional Religion site = "ghanaweb.com"; The will of God, as revealed in the Bible, is that all people be forgiven and saved through the sacrifice of His son. Its study has to go hand-in-hand with the study of the people who practise the religion. In African Traditional Religion one can be possessed in order to gain some privileged knowledge. Native African historians and scholars, from mid-20th c. The major faiths practiced in South Africa are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, traditional African religions and Judaism. [CDATA[

Africa religious makeup In 1534 while recalling his dialogue with Michael the Deacon, an Ethiopian cleric, Luther wrote: “We have also learned from him, that the rite which we observe in the use of administration of the Lord’s Supper and the Mass, agrees with the Eastern Church.” // ]]> African Traditional Religion and Christianity agree that God has made covenants with humans. user = "features"; But before those two religions arrived, there were several traditional religions practiced. Rev. The traditional African understanding and the interpretation of Christianity have deep roots in these fundamental beliefs of the African traditional religions. In Christianity God is the covenant maker and He gives the power to keep the covenant. © 2011 Religion In Africa. It has become customary in modern times to discuss the history of African Christianity focusing only on the period dating back to the colonial days. African News // End --> Many forms of African Traditional Religion teach that the spirits of the dead can be born back into the realm of the living. The evangelistic mandate of Christianity and the very nature of Jehovah God encompasses all ethnic groups on the planet. 5. But what is truly African? Today, Christianity and Islam are religions practiced by the majority of people living in Africa. If one does harm to someone in your his own ethnic group, it a more serious sin than if one commits it against someone of another group. It is still interesting to note that perhaps the greatest influence on western theological reflections has been from the works of the African theologian, St. Augustine. Christianity and Islam are leading religious traditions — each has in excess of 250 million followers in Africa. In Christianity, prayers are offered to God through a medium, Jesus Christ and in traditional african religion, prayers are offered to God through a medium, ifa or sango or amadioha etc. Besides, a case can even be made that there was an African influence on Martin Luther’s inspiration to work towards the protestant reformation that hit Europe in the sixteenth century. constantly liable to misunderstand the African worldview and beliefs.

// ]]> However this has a lot of problems. Traditional African religion is very popular and arrived here with our North and West African ancestors. Since Christianity came in contact with the traditional religion, there has always been a sharp conflict between traditionalists and Christians. // '); Sacrifices are offered in African Traditional Religion in order placate, appease, or ask favors of the spirits. For centuries, African Traditional Religion in its myriad of forms was practiced by the majority of Africans, but in the last fifty years Christianity and Islam have become more prominent. In African Traditional Religion ancestral spirits, and lesser gods, are usually the spirits that communicate with humans on earth. For this reason and others that I will illustrate in this paper, African traditional religions are not so much different from Christianity and Islam. Designed by Wordpress Theme Designer Wordpress Theme Designer, Muslims, Christians, and Animists Live in Peace in Africa, Similarities between Christianity and Africa Traditional Religion, Africa South of the Sahara - Standford University. 11, issue 32 (Summer 2012) 25 Kiernan, J. Religion in Africa does not encourage creativity, invention or critical thinking, because of its conservative or static. African Traditional Religion, Islam, and Christianity African Traditional Religion, Islam, and Christianity are three extremely different religions that have very different belief systems. African Traditional Religions are specific to each ethnic group on the continent. In christianity Christ came and became a sacrificial lamb in order to appease God on behalf of mankind and in traditional African religion, they also offer animals and sometimes humans in order to appease God for their sins. Judaism Points of Contrast between African Traditional Religion and Christianity God The understanding of God normally needs some refining when one comes from African Traditional Religion to be a Christian. In Africa the traditional religions are a major source for the study of the African experience of God. This testifies to the enduring power of indigenous religion and its ability to domesticate Christianity and Islam in modern Africa. terrorism History of African traditional religion. ATR (African Traditional Religion) Introduction Three religions dominates African continent: ATR, Islam and Christianity. John S. Mbiti . African websites Foreign anthropologists from late 19thc. In African Traditional Religion, man has often made covenants with God. 5. . West African contains the largest populations that are still following African Traditional Religion. The evangelistic mandate of Christianity and the very nature of Jehovah God encompasses all ethnic groups on the planet. His religion lay at the bottom of religious evolution, whereas Islam and Judaism and Christianity were at the top since they’re monotheistic. And more importantly: Is Christianity not a part of African heritage? Kingship is integral to African belief systems for at least two reasons. Send your news stories to But this post-colonial habit of limiting discussions of the history of African Christianity to the period beginning from the colonial days needs to be corrected since it has made it difficult for many to view Christianity apart from colonialism. The original religions of Africa “are not static”; according to Mayo, “contacts with Christian and Islamic traditions have brought about transformations and syncretism of all three” a … CHRISTIANITY AND TRADITIONAL RELIGIONS IN AFRICA. Hence, it cannot be avoided in the interaction between Christianity and … Is it un-African to want to leave old ways and seek better progressive ways of living? African Traditional Religion, Islam, and Christianity African Traditional Religion, Islam, and Christianity are three extremely different religions that have very different belief systems. document.write(user + '@' + site + ''); In African Traditional Religion when a spirit possesses a person there are negative consequences. At times rulers have been described as gods or as endowed with God's divinity. Further, around the fourth century, Egypt had become a stronghold of Christianity. Traditional African Religion • 1. The African Traditional Religion of one ethnic group does not motivate its believers to teach and convert people from another ethnic group. John S. Mbiti. Christ Jesus, God’s own son, takes the “groaning” of humans to God. syncretism When we speak of African Traditional Religion, we mean the indigenous religious beliefs and practices of the Africans. Click here to cancel reply. As we African Christian intellectuals continue to meet to discuss Christianity and African culture, other African Christians are in the process daily of shaping a Christianity that will be at home in Africa and in which Africans will be at home. There are many forms of spirits in African Traditional Religion, some can possess the living. Religion enters into every aspect of the life of the Africans and it cannot be studied in isolation. Jomo Kenyatta, in his book, Facing Mount Kenya, suggested that the European missionaries used Christianity to swindle the African, when he painted the humorous picture of the Bible-holding missionaries teaching the Africans who had the land to pray with their eyes closed yet when the prayer was over the situation had been reversed - the missionaries had the land and the Africans possessed the Bible. African traditional religion was in line with the taboos while in Christianity worship is in line with the ten commandments. Nigeria Indeed, present at Apostle Peter’s Pentecost sermon (which converted 3000 people) were among others people from Egypt and Cyrene (present day Libya). and features to The revival African traditional religions have been washed away, and especially with Christianity, they are viewed as pagan and heathen in nature. Leave a Reply. Differences between Christianity and traditional African beliefs and customs (Exodus 20:3-5,Hebrews 10:8-10) 1. First, in the origin myths of several peoples, such as the Baganda of Uganda and the Edo of Nigeria, the first king or chief of the community was endowed with the sacred power of the Supreme Deity. Is it un-African to search for truth in religion? Coptic Church As in the early twentieth century period in Africa, contemporary trends relating to the relation between religion and politics in Africa often reflect not only what occurs locally, but are also connected to what takes place outside the region. Once upon a time I was a Christian, born to Christian practising parents. Some claim that Christianity is foreign to African culture and impedes African originality and development. Although the majority of Africans today are adherents of Christianity or Islam, African people often combine the practice of their traditional belief with the practice of Abrahamic religions. site = "ghanaweb.com"; In African Traditional Religion there is a difference in the severity or degree of a sins. Christ was tempted in all the ways men were tempted, so He is a sympathetic mediator. Developed by PSD to Wordpress . It … witchcraft In African Traditional Religion creator God is distant from man. witches. The Biblical teaching is that human have one life on earth, a single judgment, and then everlasting rest or punishment of the soul. African Traditional Religions are still practiced today, along with Christianity and Islam. Man quickly broke the covenants and that is what has caused a separation Creator God and humans. These investigations of Black Christianity throughout the Antebellum centuries detangle the duplicitous nature of God and abuse in religion today. Christianity came to Africa from the outside, it happened, as the legend says, in 42, then the Orthodox Coptic Church was formed by the Apostle Mark.

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